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地质力学学报:2021,27(3):409-417
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抚顺西露天矿区滑坡易发性评价与时空特征分析
吴季寰1,2,3, 张春山1,2,4, 孟华君1,2,4, 郭涵1,2,3, 吴坤罡1,2,4, 李洪嘉5
(1.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;2.新构造运动与地质灾害重点实验室, 北京 100081;3.中国地质大学(北京), 北京 100083;4.中国地质调查局新构造与地壳稳定性研究中心, 北京 100081;5.辽宁有色勘察研究院有限责任公司, 辽宁 沈阳 110013)
Temporal and spatial characteristics of landslide susceptibility in the West open-pit mining area, Fushun, China
(1.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2.Key Laboratory of Neotectonic Movement and Geohazard, Beijing 100081, China;3.China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China;4.Research Center of Neotectonism and Crustal Stability, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100081, China;5.Liaoning Non-ferrous Geological Exploration and Research Institute, Shenyang 110013, Liaoning, China)
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投稿时间:2021-01-17    修订日期:2021-04-17
中文摘要: 近年抚顺西露天矿矿区滑坡在规模、活动频率以及空间发育位置等方面均与矿区历史滑坡呈现出较明显的时空差异性,为矿区未来治理提出新的挑战。故基于改进频率比模型,选择人类工程活动(主要是采矿工程扰动)和工程地质条件两类致灾因素,对由矿区滑坡时空差异所导致的易发性变化进行研究。结果表明:影响矿区滑坡灾害的主要因素包括坡体结构、工程岩组和水文地质条件;矿区滑坡易发性较2010年前有所降低,高易发区和较高易发区面积共减少1.294 km2,但北帮中区等地段仍呈高易发态势;滑坡易发区的空间位置与2010年前后对比发生了较大变化,矿坑西北帮滑坡易发性大幅降低,东部环矿区境界50~500 m处滑坡易发性轻微降低,北帮中段与南帮中、西段顶部滑坡易发性增加,其中北帮中段为目前最易发的区段。研究结果可为矿区闭坑停采后边坡整治及后续规划利用提供参考依据。
Abstract:In recent years landslides occurred in the Fushun West open-pit mining area compared with previous ones show obvious temporal and spatial variations in the scale, activity frequency and spatial position, followed up by changes in landslide susceptibility, which presents new challenges for future treatment. We compared susceptibility changes caused by the temporal and spatial differences using the Improved Frequency Ratio model on the selected two types of hazard-triggering factors, including human engineering activities (mainly mining engineering disturbances) and engineering geological conditions. And the results pointed to slope structure, engineering rock group and hydrogeological conditions as the influencing factors. Compared with how it was in 2010, current landslide susceptibility has decreased, and the extremely high-high prone areas have decreased by 1.294 km2 in size; however, there is still a high incidence trend in the middle area of the north side. And the spatial location of the currently high landslide-prone areas has undergone major changes. The landslide susceptibility in the northwest side of the mine shows a sharp decline, and it has also reduced slightly at 50~500 m away from the eastern boundary of the mining area, while it has increased in the middle section of the north slope, and the top of the middle and west section of the south slope. Especially, the middle section of the north slope is the most landslide-prone area. The research results provide reference basis for slope treatment and follow-up planning after mining closure.
文章编号:     中图分类号:P694;P642.5    文献标志码:
基金项目:中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20190318)
引用文本:
吴季寰,张春山,孟华君,等,2021.抚顺西露天矿区滑坡易发性评价与时空特征分析[J].地质力学学报,27(3):409-417.DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.03.037
WU Jihuan,ZHANG Chunshan,MENG Huajun,et al,2021.Temporal and spatial characteristics of landslide susceptibility in the West open-pit mining area, Fushun, China[J].Journal of Geomechanics,27(3):409-417.DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.03.037

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