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地质力学学报:2020,26(4):556-564
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金沙江乌东德水电站坝区高陡边坡地质灾害监测预警研究
(1.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;2.新构造运动与地质灾害重点实验室, 北京 100081;3.中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心, 河北 保定 071051;4.中国地质环境监测院, 北京 100081;5.四川省地质矿产勘查开发局909水文地质工程地质队, 四川 绵阳 621050)
Geohazard monitoring and risk management of high-steep slope in the Wudongde dam area
(1.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2.Key Laboratory of Neotectonic Movement & Geohazard, Beijing 100081, China;3.China Center for Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, China Geological Survey, Baoding 071051, Hebei, China;4.China Institute of Geological Environment Monitoring, Beijing 100081, China;5.909 Hydrogeology and Engineering Geological survey, Sichuan Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Mianyang 621050, Sichuan, China)
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投稿时间:2020-06-20    修订日期:2020-07-10
中文摘要: 文章以金沙江下游乌东德水电站坝区右岸水垫塘高陡边坡为例,系统探索了高度超过500 m的高陡边坡地质灾害调查识别与监测预警技术。针对常规方法难以准确捕捉高陡边坡危岩体变形破坏特征这一问题,创新采用了"登山攀岩速降技术与地质调查、工程地质测绘相结合"的方法,在乌东德水电站坝区水垫塘高陡边坡共调查识别了178个危岩体。在此基础上,通过构建分布式光纤应变实时监测系统和具有明显裂缝的危岩体布设拉绳位移传感器,实现了高陡边坡危岩体形变的实时监测,监测结果与实际危岩体变形一致。此外,在高程580~1600 m的坡体上还布设了6个地震动监测台站,捕捉到了包括2016年12月8日乌东德地震和2017年3月12日的鲁甸地震在内的大量地震加速度数据,并以此分析了乌东德地震波作用下的岩体动力响应特征,结果显示该边坡处于基本稳定状态。上述研究思路和方法对西南水电站高陡边坡稳定性监测预警和风险评估具有借鉴意义。
Abstract:Taking the high-steep slope of Shuidiantang of the Wudongde dam on the Jinsha River as an example, this paper explores systematically the early warning technology and risk management of the high-steep slope monitoring with a height of over 500 m. Rock mass collapse often occurs at slopes with the gradient greater than 70°, and it is difficult to identify. With the method of rock climbing technique, geological survey and geological mapping, the high precision identification and analysis of the dangerous rock mass is achieved. Totally, 178 dangerous rocks are identified. On the basis of this result, the distributed optical fiber strain monitoring and the pull-line displacement sensor of the fractured rock are distributed to monitor in real-time the deformation of the rock mass. The monitoring data are in agreement with the reality. Furthermore, six seismic monitoring stations were set up between the slope of the elevation of 580~1600 m. Many seismic acceleration data were caught, including that of the Wudongde earthquake on December 8, 2016 and the Ludian earthquake on March 12, 2017. On the basis of these data, the stability and dynamic response of the Wudongde earthquake on this high-steep slope are analyzed. The results show that this slope is in the basically stable state. The ideas and methods of high-steep slope warning and risk assessment of southwest hydropower stations are of reference significance.
文章编号:     中图分类号:P694    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1504806);国家自然科学基金项目(41702342)
引用文本:
李滨,张青,王文沛,等,2020.金沙江乌东德水电站坝区高陡边坡地质灾害监测预警研究[J].地质力学学报,26(4):556-564.DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.04.048
LI Bin,ZHANG Qing,WANG Wenpei,et al,2020.Geohazard monitoring and risk management of high-steep slope in the Wudongde dam area[J].Journal of Geomechanics,26(4):556-564.DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.04.048

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