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地质力学学报:2020,26(4):459-470
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采动作用下岩溶山体深大裂隙扩展贯通机理研究
杨忠平1,2,3, 蒋源文1,2,3, 李滨4, 高杨4, 刘新荣1,2,3, 赵亚龙1,2,3
(1.重庆大学土木工程学院, 重庆 400045;2.山地城镇建设与新技术教育部重点实验室(重庆大学), 重庆 400045;3.库区环境地质灾害防治国家地方联合工程研究中心(重庆), 重庆 400045;4.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081)
Study on the mechanism of deep and large fracture propagation and transfixion in karst slope under the action of mining
(1.School of Civil Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China;2.Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area(Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400045, China;3.National Joint Engineering Research Center for Prevention and Control of Environmental Geological Hazards in the TGR Area, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China;4.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China)
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投稿时间:2020-05-26    修订日期:2020-06-24
中文摘要: 岩溶坡体裂隙的扩展贯通是造成坡体失稳破坏的重要因素。为研究采动作用下高陡岩溶坡体随裂隙扩展贯通的失稳破坏机理,采用离散元(Universal Distinct Element Code,UDEC)数值模拟,研究了采动作用下坡体裂隙的发展规律。研究结果表明:采动作用对岩溶坡体的稳定性具有重要的影响作用,主要表现在煤层上覆岩体新生裂隙的发育以及诱发坡体原有裂隙的扩展;坡体内部裂隙的发育具有一定的时空效应,裂隙带高度随着采空区范围的增加而增加;坡体原有深大裂隙对坡体的破坏具有控制作用,坡体破坏时崩滑体沿着主控裂隙发生滑动;二维模型显示,含深大裂隙岩溶坡体在采动作用下形成类似"悬臂梁结构",悬臂梁结构沿着主控裂隙发生断裂,坡体中间软岩被挤出,最终主控裂隙与临空面扩展贯通,坡体发生崩塌破坏。
中文关键词: 岩溶山体  裂隙  离散元  采空区  采矿
Abstract:In order to study the failure mechanism of the high and steep karst slope under the action of mining, the development law of the slope fracture under the action of mining is studied by using the numerical simulation of universal distinct element code (UDEC). The results show that the mining action has an important influence on the stability of karst slope, which is mainly manifested in the development of new fissures in the overlying rock mass of the coal seam and the expansion and connection of the original fissures in the slope body; the development of the internal fissures in the slope body has a certain time-space effect, and the height of the fracture zone increases with the extension of the mined-out area; the original deep fissures in the slope body have certain damage on the slope body. Under the control action, when the slope is damaged, the landslide body will slide along the main control fracture; under the two-dimensional condition, the karst slope body with deep and large fracture will form a similar "cantilever beam structure" under the action of mining, the cantilever beam structure will break along the main control fracture, the soft rock in the middle of the slope body will be extruded, and finally the main fracture and the free face will expand and connect, and the slope body will collapse.
keywords: karst slope  fracture  UDEC  goaf  mining
文章编号:     中图分类号:P642.25    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1504802);国家自然科学基金项目(41772306);中央高校基本科研业务费项目(2019CDXYTM0032)
Author NameAffiliation
YANG Zhongping School of Civil Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area(Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400045, China
National Joint Engineering Research Center for Prevention and Control of Environmental Geological Hazards in the TGR Area, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China 
JIANG Yuanwen School of Civil Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area(Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400045, China
National Joint Engineering Research Center for Prevention and Control of Environmental Geological Hazards in the TGR Area, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China 
LI Bin Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China 
GAO Yang Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China 
LIU Xinrong School of Civil Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area(Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400045, China
National Joint Engineering Research Center for Prevention and Control of Environmental Geological Hazards in the TGR Area, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China 
ZHAO Yalong School of Civil Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area(Chongqing University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400045, China
National Joint Engineering Research Center for Prevention and Control of Environmental Geological Hazards in the TGR Area, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China 
引用文本:
杨忠平,蒋源文,李滨,等,2020.采动作用下岩溶山体深大裂隙扩展贯通机理研究[J].地质力学学报,26(4):459-470.DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.04.039
YANG Zhongping,JIANG Yuanwen,LI Bin,et al,2020.Study on the mechanism of deep and large fracture propagation and transfixion in karst slope under the action of mining[J].Journal of Geomechanics,26(4):459-470.DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.04.039

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