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地质力学学报:2018,24(2):229-237
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滑坡灾害InSAR应急排查技术方法研究
(1.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;2.中国地质大学(北京), 北京 100083;3.国土资源部新构造运动与地质灾害重点实验室, 北京 100081;4.中国地质大学(北京)工程技术学院, 北京 100083)
STUDY OF THE TECHNIQUE FOR LANDSLIDE RAPID RECOGNITION BY INSAR
(1.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Science, Beijing 100081, China;2.China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China;3.Key Laboratory of Neotectonic Movement & Geohzards, Ministry of Land and Mineral Resources, Beijing 100081, China;4.School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China)
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投稿时间:2017-10-30    修订日期:2017-12-02
中文摘要: 研究探索了一条以InSAR变形为主,辅助光学遥感、地貌和地质条件特征,进行活动性滑坡快速排查的技术方法,并以四川省雷波县域为例进行了实验。应用4种SAR数据(PALSAR-1升轨、Sentinel-1 A/B升、降轨和PALSAR-2降轨数据)进行合成孔径雷达干涉(Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar,InSAR)处理,共解译活动性地质灾害163处,并分析了其时空分布规律,获得了几点认识:(1) InSAR技术能够追溯滑坡长期微小变形,从而实现活动性滑坡的有效识别;(2)多时段、多角度和多分辨率SAR数据的综合使用,可以有效克服滑坡观测的阴影叠掩、失相干等问题,提高滑坡(尤其是高位滑坡)识别的效果、效率和时效性;(3)与地面调查结果比较,InSAR识别的滑坡更全面、规模更准确,对高位滑坡和集中分布滑坡识别更有效,可以作为现今地质灾害排查的重要手段之一;(4)雷波县地质灾害主要分布在金沙江及美姑河沿岸,北向坡和30°~40°坡度是地质灾害高发区,除寒武系、奥陶—志留系地层发生地质灾害比例较高,其它各地层总体分布较均一。
Abstract:An active landslide rapid recognition method, based on InSAR deformation and assisted by optical remote sensing, geomorphologic features and geological conditions, is presented in this article and Leibo County of Sichuan Province is chosen to be the study area. Four type of SAR data, PALSAR-1/2 as-/descend and Senitnel-1A/B de-/ascend are processed, with interpretation of 163 landslides overall and analysis of spatial and temporal distribution, from which some important conclusions are drawn. (1) InSAR can trace long and small deformation so as to realize effective recognition of active landslides; (2) The use of multiple types SAR data can overcome the shortages of InSAR, such as layover, shadow, incoherence, to improve the efficiency, effect and timeliness; (3) Compared with field investigation results, landslides recognized by InSAR are more comprehensive and accurate, especially for high-position and centralized landslides, and therefore InSAR can be taken as one of the important methods for landslide survey; (4) The landslides in Leibo county mainly occurred along the Jinsha river and the Meigu river, on the north slope and slope areas with a gradient from 30° to 40°. The overall distribution of geological hazards in each stratum is even, except for the Cambrian and Ordovician-Silurian with a relatively high ratio.
文章编号:     中图分类号:P694;P642.22    文献标志码:
基金项目:中国地质调查局工作项目(DD20179282,DD20160272);国家自然科学基金项目(41672359,41731287)
引用文本:
刘星洪,姚鑫,周振凯,等,2018.滑坡灾害InSAR应急排查技术方法研究[J].地质力学学报,24(2):229-237.DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.02.024
LIU Xinghong,YAO Xin,ZHOU Zhenkai,et al,2018.STUDY OF THE TECHNIQUE FOR LANDSLIDE RAPID RECOGNITION BY INSAR[J].Journal of Geomechanics,24(2):229-237.DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2018.24.02.024

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