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DOI:
地质力学学报:2011,17(4):381-387,409
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汶川地震断裂带附近建筑物的灾害效应模拟研究
(1.长安大学地质工程系, 陕西 西安 710054;2.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081)
NUMERICAL STUDY ON THE HAZARD EFFECT OF A BUILDING NEAR THE FAULT PRODUCED BY THE WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE
(1.School of Geological Engineering and Surveying, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710054, China;2.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China)
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投稿时间:2011-04-27    
中文摘要: 位于汶川地震破裂带附近的汶川水磨镇硅业公司厂房在地震中产生了独特的破坏现象.根据现场调查和测绘资料,建立了二维有限元模型,进行了断裂带附近建筑物灾害效应的数值模拟.模拟结果很好地解释了厂房在地震中产生的独特破坏现象的机理.研究表明,断层的形成改变了局部的应力场条件和加速度特征,从而使位于断层上盘的楼房发生差异性破坏,紧邻断层一侧破坏强烈.地震时楼体主梁的破坏是轴向应力和剪应力同时作用造成的.
中文关键词: 断裂带  建筑物  灾害效应  数值模拟
Abstract:Particular destroy phenomena occurred in the main building of Shuimo Silicon Company near the fault produced by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. On the basis of site investigation, two-dimensioanl finite element model is set up, and the hazard effect of a building caused by the faulting is simulated. The simulation result may be used to explain the mechanism for the formarion of the particular destroy phenomena of the building during the earthquake. It is thought that the formation of fault altered the local stress field and acceleration, thus led to the differential destroy of the building at the hanging wall of the fault which is characetrized by the stronger destroy near the fault. The destroy of the main beam is caused by the co-action of axial stress and shear stress.
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基金项目:中国地质调查局项目(1212010914025),国家自然科学基金重点项目(41030749)联合资助.
引用文本:
苏生瑞,张永双,郝莉莉,等,2011.汶川地震断裂带附近建筑物的灾害效应模拟研究[J].地质力学学报,17(4):381-387,409.DOI:
SU Sheng-rui,ZHANG Yong-shuang,HAO Li-li,et al,2011.NUMERICAL STUDY ON THE HAZARD EFFECT OF A BUILDING NEAR THE FAULT PRODUCED BY THE WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE[J].Journal of Geomechanics,17(4):381-387,409.DOI:

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