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地质力学学报:2020,26(1):115-124
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地震作用下高陡岩质斜坡动力响应规律研究
(1.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;2.活动构造与地壳稳定性评价重点实验室, 北京 100081;3.中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心, 河北 保定 071000)
Research of dynamic response patterns of high steep rock slope under earthquake effects
(1.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2.Key Laboratory of Active Tectonics and Crustal Stability Assessment, Beijing 100081, China;3.Geological Survey Center of Hydrogeology and Environment, China Geological Survey, Baoding 071000, Hebei, China)
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投稿时间:2019-03-27    修订日期:2019-11-23
中文摘要: 在西南山区高陡单面斜坡研究基础上运用FLAC3D有限差分法对双面斜坡的动力响应规律进行分析,研究了斜坡坡高、坡角及顶宽变化对响应规律的影响,结果发现:对斜坡输入不同中心频率Ricker子波时,坡体卓越频率整体处于1~4 Hz之间,且斜坡不同部位卓越频率不尽相同。从规律上看,坡高决定了斜坡动力响应的表现形式,体现在坡高较低时加速度放大系数等值线平行于坡底而增大后变为平行于坡面展布的闭合区域,反映在放大效果上即为加速度随坡高线性增加(坡高较低时),而后呈现增减反复出现的情况(坡高较高时);另外,坡角增大未影响斜坡动力响应的表现形式,仅改变了斜坡内部放大系数等值线的走向,使得陡倾斜坡加速度水平及竖向放大效果均大于缓倾斜坡。双面斜坡随坡形变化的动力响应规律与单面坡近乎相同,但由坡形改变所致地震波反射与折射现象使得双面坡对地震波的放大效果更加明显,表现为放大系数等值线密集程度增大,加速度较相同单面斜坡成倍增加。
Abstract:Base on the research of single-sided high steep slopes in southwestern China, dynamic responses of double-sided slopes are analysed which include changes of height, angle and width. Results show that predominant frequencies of slopes mainly concentrate in 1~4 Hz when inputting Ricker waves with varying center frequencies and the results alter in different parts of the slope. Dynamic response patterns mainly depend on slope height, contours of amplification coefficients parallel to the bottom of slope at lower heights while distribute as closed regions near surface when height increases. This means numerical value of amplification linearly increase with the height of the slope at a relatively low height but fluctuate at a great height. In addition, slope angle changes the direction of contours and makes amplification factors greater in steep slope, but dynamic patterns of slope are unaffected by those changes. Double-sided slopes show similar dynamic pattern with the single ones, but reflection and refraction of quake waves caused by slope shape make the amplification greater in double-sided slopes, which manifest as intensified contours and multiplied acceleration.
文章编号:     中图分类号:P642.22    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1504806);国家自然科学基金(41702342)
引用文本:
刘铮,李滨,贺凯,高杨,王晨辉.地震作用下高陡岩质斜坡动力响应规律研究[J].地质力学学报,2020,26(1):115-124DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.01.012
LIU Zheng,LI Bin,HE Kai,GAO Yang,WANG Chenhui.Research of dynamic response patterns of high steep rock slope under earthquake effects[J].,2020,26(1):115-124DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2020.26.01.012

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