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雪峰山深孔水压致裂地应力测量及其意义
(1.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;2.自然资源部古地磁与古构造重建重点实验室, 北京 100081;3.中国地质大学工程技术学院, 北京 100083)
HYDRAULIC FRACTURING STRESS MEASUREMENTS IN XUEFENGSHAN DEEP BOREHOLE AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE
(1.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2.Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100081, China;3.School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China)
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投稿时间:2019-08-30    修订日期:2019-09-20
中文摘要: 利用最新研制的深孔水压致裂地应力测量设备在雪峰山2000 m科钻先导孔内开展了原地应力测量,在孔深170~2021 m范围内获得了16个测段的有效地应力测量数据,是国内首次利用水压致裂法获得的孔深超过2000 m深度的原地应力测量成果。测量结果表明,地应力随孔深增加而逐渐加大,对实测数据进行线性回归,得到最大和最小水平主应力随深度变化的关系分别为:SH=0.03328H+5.25408,Sh=0.0203H+4.5662,在孔深2021 m深度,其实测值分别为66.31 MPa和43.33 MPa。基于实测数据,结合钻孔成像测试和井温测试结果,对测点应力状态进行了综合分析。在170~800 m深度范围,三向主应力关系为SH > Sh > Sv,有利于逆断层活动;孔深1000~2021 m表现为SH > Sv > Sh,表明该区域深部应力结构属于走滑型。最大水平主应力方向为北西-北西西方向。基于实测地应力数据及莫尔-库伦破裂准则,对测区附近断层活动性进行了分析讨论,认为该区域断层处于稳定状态。
Abstract:By use of the recently developed hydraulic fracturing in situ stress measurement system, valid data of 16 depth intervals at the borehole depth range of 170~2021 m in the Xuefengshan deep borehole were obtained, which are the first reported results obtained at the borehole depth deeper than 2000 m in China. The test results showed that the magnitude of the in situ stress increased with the depth of the borehole. By linear regression, the relationship of the maximum and minimum horizontal principal stresses with the depth of the test borehole respectively are SH=0.03328H+5.25408, and Sh=0.0203H+4.5662, and at the borehole depth of 2021 m, the magnitude of which are 66.31 MPa and 43.33 MPa respectively. Based on the hydraulic fracturing test data, combined with the BHTV and borehole temperature logging test results, the analysis on the stress state of the study area were carried out. In the range of 170~800 m borehole depth, the relationship of the three principal stresses are SH > Sh > Sv, which are favourable for reverse faulting; In the range of 1000~2021 m borehole depth, the relationship changes to SH > Sv > Sh, which implied that the deep stress regime of this area are strike-slip faulting. The direction of the maximum horizontal principal stress is in NW~NWW direction. According to Mohr-Coulomb criterion, the activity of the faults of the study area were discussed and the conclusion were obtained that the faults of this area are in stable state.
文章编号:     中图分类号:P315.727    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2016ZX05034003-002);中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20160082)
Author NameAffiliation
CHEN Qunce Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100081, China 
SUN Dongsheng Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100081, China 
CUI Jianjun Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100081, China 
QIN Xianghui Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100081, China 
ZHANG Chongyuan Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100081, China 
MENG Wen Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100081, China 
LI Awei Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100081, China 
YANG Yuehui School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China 
引用文本:
陈群策,孙东生,崔建军,秦向辉,张重远,孟文,李阿伟,杨跃辉.雪峰山深孔水压致裂地应力测量及其意义[J].地质力学学报,2019,25(5):853-865DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.05.070
CHEN Qunce,SUN Dongsheng,CUI Jianjun,QIN Xianghui,ZHANG Chongyuan,MENG Wen,LI Awei,YANG Yuehui.HYDRAULIC FRACTURING STRESS MEASUREMENTS IN XUEFENGSHAN DEEP BOREHOLE AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE[J].,2019,25(5):853-865DOI:10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2019.25.05.070

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